Constanța Team 1 2022

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Area Siutghiol and Tăbăcărie Lakes
Place Constanța
Country România
Topics WAVE Project
Author(s) Acsente Diana, Cioroiu Cătălin Gabriel,

Aura Sălăvăstru, Adriana Vâlcu


  • Why do you think this case is relevant? What is your hypothesis considering the landscape challenges?

These two lakes are under pressure from the expansion of urban space. Due to this process, the marine habitats begin to disappear, the anthropogenic impact being quite high. The expansion of urban space was supported by the interest of real estate agents, relatively cheap land, increased tourist activity, as well as the lack of an management plan. Biodiversity is constantly affected by a reduction in the number of species, some migratory species do not return. Our goal is to reduce the impact of urbanization on biodiversity, to offer new opportunities for sustainable development and to improve the relationship between the population and the water area.

Location and scope

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Water as a natural system

Geomorphology, typologies and dynamics of water areas

  • Describe the water areas of your area in the context of the wider water system

The lakes are located in the Doborgea, In the north part of the study area is the Poarta Albă - Năvodari canal, in the west is Ovidiu, a town with a population of 13.131 inhabitants. To the south is the municipality of Constanta, which surrounds the Tăbăcărie lake. To the east, Lake Siutghiol is separated from the Black Sea by a 300-meter-wide strip of sand, where the Mamaia resort has developed. In the past, these two lakes were actually bays that, due to the action of waves and sea currents, deposited sand and closed the lakes.

Water bodies in our study area:

Firstly is the Siutghiol Lake, which has an area of ​​1900 hectares and the maximum depth of the lake being 17m, The lake is separated from the sea by a coastal cordon. Siutghiol communicates through one artificial channel to Tăbăcărie Lake that is connected with the Black Sea through another artificial channel.

Secondly is the Tăbăcărie Lake, which has an area of ​​99 hectares and an average depth of the lake being 1.5m, The lake being located in an elongated depression area helped to creation of the lake by blocking a previously existing river.

  • How does water appear in the landscape of your living lab? What types of water areas are common?

There are two sorts of water bodies: lakes and counterfeit channels. The lakes are normally framed with new water, the two lakes with a roughly rectangular shape speaking with one another through counterfeit channels: Siutghiol-Tăbăcărie Trench and Tăbăcărie-Dark Ocean Waterway. Because of the various kinds of supply and the human-centered needs showed up in the utilization of the lake water, after 1950 the association channels between Tăbăcărie-Dark Ocean and Tăbăcărie - Siutghiol were fabricated. Through these channels there are water moves from Lake Siutghiol to Tăbăcăriei and from that point to the Dark Ocean.

The development of Siutghiol and Tăbăcărie lakes is the consequence of a mix among regular and anthropogenic variables, the climatic elements playing a conclusive part in the beginning of the two lakes.

According to a hereditary perspective, Lake Tăbăcărie is remembered for the classification of fluvio-marine estuaries. According to a sedimentological perspective, the area of Lake Tăbăcărie is connected with the development of Lake Siutghiol, situated toward the north, yet additionally to the cycles of disintegration of the banks of the bowl where it was framed. The shores of the lake are totally amended and solidified. The western shore ascends to a height of 6-7 m and toward the eastern and south these rises are lower, being between 2-4 m. In its northern part, the coast is exceptionally low, 1-2 m.

Water as a living space

  • Which habitats can be found in and along the water areas of your area?

In 2007, Rospa0057 Siutghiol Lake, was added in the ecological network Nature 2000, for the protection and conservation of 23 bird species listed in Annex 3 of the emergency ordinance 57/2007.

Siutghiol Lake has a rich biocenosis, where species of fish, amphibians and especially birds stand out.

  • Biodiversity

According to the avifauna phenological analysis, most species are summer guests (15 species). From these species we list Botaurus stellaris, Ciconia ciconia. This class being followed by the 3 species that can be found in the passage. Partially migratory species and winter guests each account for 11% of the total. As an example, we have Aythya nyroca and Branta ruficollis, and resident species include only two species Haliaeetus albicilla and Circus aeruginosus.

More birds Pelecanus onocrotalus, Egretta garzetta, Phalacrocorax pygmaeus, Ficedula parva, Sterna hirundo and Lanius collurio.

Species of fish Ctenopharyngodon idella, Silurus glanis, Cyprinus carpio, Cobitis taenia.

Species of amphibians Rana ridibunda, Rana esculenta.

Being a special avifauna protection area, more importance should be given to Siutghiol Lake, as it suffers an alarming degradation that endangers all biodiversity.

In order to support the site and to remedy the problems caused by the chaotic construction, pollution, overcrowding of the area, a detailed management plan should be implemented, specific to the site. Such management plan would ensure the safety measures to be carefully mapped out, focusing on wildlife habitat conservation as well as redevelopment.

Water as a cultural space

Land use and water

  • map the land uses along your water areas: settlements, infrastructure, agriculture, resource extraction, natural areas, energy production...
  • describe in particular the historical evolution of land use pattern, please make use of historical maps
  • description evolution, status quo and driving forces, is the land use likely to change? Why is that? (approx 200 signs)
  • add 1-2 graphical representations to the image gallery, you can add more if you like

Cultural and spatial typologies of water areas

  • Which spatial patterns have evolved in relation to your water areas?
  • What is the role of water areas within the overall urban morphology? (approx 200 signs)
  • add 1-2 graphical representations to the image gallery, you can add more if you like

Sacred spaces and heritage

  • Which places/elements hold cultural value and to whom?
  • You may add a map and some images, please also explain in your caption why these elements are valuable

Visual appearance and landscape narrative

  • Which elements are essential for the landscape character?
  • Has the landscape been painted or otherwise depicted, when and whom? Which elements are essential?
  • Which narratives exist? Who has written about this landscape or depicted it in some way?
  • You can add text and images

Water and People

Accessibility and usability

  • Where are your water areas accessible, and where not? How strong are spatial obstacles preventing access?
  • Who is using the spaces and how?

Community Mapping

What is to be mapped here?

  • Social groups from within the community, for example the youth, kids, students, parents, the retired etc. Typically, these groups have specific needs, which you can also make explicit on the map. These people might not be organized in any way, but they are usually present in the context you are observing
  • Local stakeholder groups: these groups are organized in one or the other way. They only exist within the community context you are observing. For example: the local community center, local churches, local interest groups, the landowners, small businesses and retailers
  • External stakeholder groups are not necessarily present in the environment you are observing, but they may have strong stakes and interests. These can be local authorities, politicians, associations, care services etc.
  • For each group, you may identify their needs, objectives, power and capacities
  • You may also identify gaps and power conflicts
  • Please try to redepict these elements in an integrated way and in relation to your water landscape. What is the relationship between these groups? Are they close or distanced from each other? Who is more powerful? Which voices are hardly heard? Do they have any shared concerns?

Possible Futures

  • You can summarize your findings with a SWOT diagram and a DPSI(R) Model
  • Link back to the Sustainable Development Goals: Which goals are at risk?
  • What is your worst case scenario for this landscape?
  • What is your best case scenario for this landscape?
  • Present your scenarios in the form of a collage or sketch
  • Add text and visuals

Collaborative Goal Setting

  • Define strategic planning objectives based on the evaluation findings from your analysis
  • Ideally, involve the community of your living labs into this process
  • Link back to your original targets from section one and the Development Goals
  • 150 words text contribution

Spatial Strategy and Transect

  • translate your strategic goals into a vision
  • develop a spatial translation of your vision
  • exemplify your vision in the form of a transect with concrete interventions
  • add map(s) and visualizations

From Theory of Change to Implementation

  • Process for advancing our vision

Sustainable development

Sustainable development involves satisfying the needs of the present population without endangering the capability of the future population to satisfy its own needs.

It can include using green materials in new construction, designing projects that can harvest their own energy to reduce the load on a power grid, or that incorporate green space in order to counterbalance the green space removed to build the onsite facilities.

  • Who can help us...


Early Education about environment and how we can live in harmony with nature has to start from the first years of life and to be envolved in different ecological activities. Young people need to make a strong connection with nature to appreciate and protect it more in the future.

Government legislation

It’s still a big problem in Romania, because Siutghiol Lake is a Protected Area for Birds but it doesn’t have adequate documentation to support it against chaotic construction and habitat destruction. Specialists should be involved in procuring real data and leading to an accurate documentation.

Local Community

Has to be involved too. With greening and habitat restoration activities.

  • Which resources are needed? On which assets can you build?
  • add 150 words text and visuals


  • give a full list of the references you have used for your case

Process Reflection

  • Final reflection

Habitat restoration

If we want to restor these 2 lakes we have to increase ecological systems while promoting the implementation of better conservation practices. Bringing the community, it can lead us closer to make real our visions and understanding the importance of the lakes.

  • Which limitations were you facing?
  • What have you learnt from each other?
  • What did you learn in the Living Labs?
  • What would you do differently next time?
  • You can also use diagrams/visuals
  • 250 words text