WAVE Living Lab Neubrandenburg 2022
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|Topics||Ecological Goal, Social Goal|
|Author(s)||Ahmed Mostafa Ahmed; Mohammad Saiful Islam; Clinton James; Aarya Suresh.|
- The water area in Neubrandenburg is the main attraction of the city. Especially the Tollensesee lake is the main lake in the city which has a rich cultural and strategical history. Since the water area in the city is the main attraction of it, the number of people around the lake is increasing by doing different activities. As an illustration, water sports such as boating, swimming and other outdoor activities such as, volleyball and Frisbee at the beach, walking and cycling around the lake and the cultural park. .And since the goal for this WAVE seminar is maintenance territories in a sustainable way. Especially the places which are relevant to the society and the economy. The Tollensesee considers an important part of everyone who live in Neubrandenburg since most of the activities in the city take place by the lake.
Location and scope
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Water as a natural system
Geomorphology, typologies and dynamics of water areas
Tollense Lake is a lake in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany, southwest of the city of Neubrandenburg. It is 11 kilometers long and 2.5 meters wide. Tollense Lake is located in an ice age tunnel valley and has a surface size of 17.350 km2 and a depth of 34 meters.
The environment near the Tollense lake was made up of chains of hills, sand plains, streams, and lakes during the Ice Age. The name Tollense comes from the Slavic word "dolenzia," which meaning "lowland." For a long time, the landscape area around Tollense Lake has been known as a glacier tongue basin. Tollense Lake is a particularly important water region in Neubrandenburg. It joins the Tollense River, a right-hand tributary of the Peene River. The river goes from Peene River to Szczecin Lagoon and Achterwasser, which offers direct access to the Baltic Sea. Blumenholz is a small settlement located southwest of Tollense Lake. Mürzsee is the upstream beginning of the Tollense River in Blummenholz. A river called Zimmenbach feeds into Lieps Lake from Mürzsee. Alter Graben River flows from Lieps Lake to Tollense Lake from Lieps Lake. Oberbach and lmühlenbach are two branches that run into Tollense River from Tollense Lake. After around 1.6 kilometers, both branches come together.
The Nonnenbach stream of the Tollense Lake is the longest and most water-rich, while the Tollense River has tributaries such as Lindebach. Due to its flow reaching the Lindetal district, east of Neubrandenburg, Lindebach is one of the significant tributaries. The Datze river, which flows north of Neubrandenburg, Torneybach, Gold Bach, Großer Landgraber, and Augraben river, all of which are close to Demmin, are important tributaries of Tollense River. The floodplains of Tollense Lake and Tollense River are plotted largely near to part of the city's constructed area, according to Mecklenburg Vorpommern's Geoportal website.
Neubrandenburg had a population of 10,500 people in 1900. In 1958, it had a population of 30,449 people. The built area to the northeast of Tollense Lake was developed in 1991. The constructed area has now expanded to the east and northwest of Tollense Lake. To summarize, green areas still dominate Tollense Lake's south, southeast, and southwest portions. Around the lake, facilities like as passenger boats, restaurants, cafes, a bicycle path, and bathing areas have been built to meet the modern demands of locals and tourists.
No floods have been recorded around Lake Tollensesee and the River Tollense. However, there is a potential risk of flooding because of the climatic change and increase in water level. Water levels in this area have been rated from normal to high and have not yet reached warning levels.
Water as a living space
The surroundings and Lake Tollensesee are filled with a variety of plant species and a variety of organisms. Some of the plants species which is seen nearby the lake are Downy birch, horse and sweet chestnut, Juniper, European Larch, Juniper, Black Locust, European Wild Apple, Cherry, Elm, European Beech, Ash, Hazel, Spruce, Alder, Pine tree, Willow, Mursh Marigold, Marine plants(like Elodea Canadensis ) and etc. The lake is also enriched with varieties of habitats European Perch, common Rudd, Vimba Bream, Blicca Bjoerkna, and Trout), waterfowl and frogs. The tourists and travelers can see various types of animals in the south or southeast of the lake like squirrels, rabbits, foxes, boars, etc.
The Tollense River has water quality improvement factors such as forested areas, agricultural land, and man-made dams to regulate water balance, moderate temperatures, and biodiversity. The presence of dense vegetation nearby increases the oxygen content of the river.
Studies have shown that the temperature of water containing large amounts of dissolved oxygen is considered to be between 32 and 86 degrees Fahrenheit. Observing the average weather data for Neubrandenburg, the temperature readings from March to November were satisfactory. Dissolved oxygen levels (oxygen solubility decreases as water temperature increases) and water density and stratification (water density is highest at 39 degrees Fahrenheit. Differences in temperature and water density between the water layers of a lake cause stratification and seasonal exchanges). The various aquatic plants present in the Tollense River can increase the transparency of the water as it can use nutrients that would otherwise be used by algae. They can absorb contaminants from contaminated water. Visual inspection of Lake Tollense showed that the water was clear enough to see aquatic fish and aquatic habitats and clean enough for people to use for swimming and other recreational activities. There are currently no signs of waste disposal or other water polluting activities on or off Lake Tollense.
Blue and Green Infrastructure
- Blue Infrastructure: The city of Neubrandenburg is situated in the northern region of Lake Tollensesee and the river Tollense, which spreads out into numerous canals across the city. The lake is in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern state in Germany. A lake called Lake Tollense is located in the city's northeast. The Lieps Channel, three brooks, the Krickower Bach and Nonnenbach in the southern section of the lake, as well as the Gaetenbach in the north, and the Olmuhlenbah and the Oberbach in Neubrandenburg, are the principal bodies of water. It has a height of 14.8 meters and an about 17 km2 area. The lake is between 1.5 and 2.5 km wide and 10.4 km long. The ESG Danger Index and the risk of flooding are low for Lake Tollensee. Tollensesee has low-medium water stress. Neubrandenburg's waterways Wetlands, grassy spaces, and urban woods near the lake decrease the likelihood of flooding, sewage overflow, and clean water contamination. Improved aesthetic and amenity values of the landscape and increased ecotourism.
- Green Infrastructure: The 10,440 hectares of Neubrandenburg Tollensesee Lake is surrounded by greenery, protecting it from city life. A variety of plant species and other animals may be found in and around this water body. It is unlikely that the green will disappear because it is well-preserved. Around the Tollensesse Lake, the city and lake are surrounded by greenways and greenbelts, which are stretches of undeveloped land and rural parks. Animals can traverse quite large barriers, such as roads and man-made waterways, thanks to the pedestrian and bridge facilities that link two natural areas. The cleanliness of the lake is unaffected by urban features including parks, gardens, yards, sports fields, urban ponds, and canals. Outdoor activities and the promotion of excellent physical health are encouraged via public parks, footpaths, playing fields, cycling lanes, and running trails.
Water as a Cultural space
Water Consumption & Land Use
- map the land uses along with your water areas: settlements, infrastructure, agriculture, resource extraction, natural areas, energy production...
- describe in particular the historical evolution of land use patterns please make use of historical .ps..
- In 1804 was build the first cemetery outside the wall. By 1900 were built 316 houses owner outside the wall and started more intensive urban development the of north and east districts of the Neubrandenburg city was behind the wall. So before 20 century main pattern of land use wa as settlement with natural and agricultural areas. But after 1939 Neubrandenburg got military use districts : camp for prisoners of war in 1939, torpedo experimental station on Lake Tollensesee in 1941, by 1943 was built women’s concentration camp. In 1945 city center was destroyed by fire. And military districts stopped functionating. In 1953 Neubrandenburg becomes the district Neubrandenburg city history starts from 1170. In 1708 Neubrandenburg became something like capital of district that also can be considered as huge push for city development. To conclude, by now land use patterns of Neubrandenburg never changed significantly: settlements, agriculture and natural areas..
- description evolution, status quo and driving forces, is the land use likely to change? Why is that? ``
- Heritage, pleasure, tourism, nature-conservation, and education are the main driving elements at our Neubrandnburg construction site. Since the twentieth century, the city has grown dramatically, and our current working site in Neubrandenburg comprises of: residential areas, commercial areas, mixed-use areas, commercial areas, public amenities, green areas, water catchment zones, and sewage treatment zones.
- add 1-2 graphical representations to the image gallery, you can add more if you liken
Cultural and spatial typologies of water areas
- Which spatial patterns have evolved in relation to your water areas?
- Patterns in space One of the aspects that is regarded to be essential in understanding the history of the development and the kind of shape of these places is the study of spatial patterns of water in the areas referred to as water areas. In the case of Neubrandenburg, this research is focused on the historical section of the city (Altstadt), which is linked to the city's past but currently lacks any evidence of water. The presence of a major canal in a large circular configuration surrounding the old section of the city is plainly discernible.
- What is the role of water areas within the overall urban morphology? (approx 200 signs)
The importance of water regions in the overall morphology of cities
- Hill chains, sandy regions, many streams, and smaller lakes are particularly noteworthy characteristics of this ice age environment, which was developed during the last ice age, in the final 15,000 years of the Vistula Cold Age, and the succeeding warming phase (ice-free era for around 10,000 years).
- Premonstratensian monks from Broda Abbey, a monastery on the coast, were the first Christian monks in the region (about 1240). The city of Neubrandenburg was founded in 1248 by the Margrave of Brandenburg, who decided to build a settlement in the northern part of his fief and named it after the older city of Brandenburg, which was located further south. The city and its environs were annexed by Mecklenburg in 1292.
- The Slavic word "dolenzia" was used to name the lake (low point). The Slavic word "dolenzia" was used to name the lake (low point). For generations, Slavic tribes have been drawn to the quantity of fish. Around the lake, there are also educational facilities, tourism attractions, and business operations, among other things. When compared to many other cities, the population growth surrounding the lake appears to be minor, according to accessible maps. Protected woods, active agriculture, road networks, transit amenities, and the possibility of national tragedies might all be contributing factors to population increase distant from the lake.
- add 1-2 graphical representations to the image gallery, you can add more if you like
Sacred spaces and heritage
Fischer Island is a small island off the coast of Tollense Lake
Fisher Island is a tiny island off the coast of Penzlin, near the southwest corner of Tollense Lake. The island is 150 meters long, 40 meters broad, and is now vegetated. A fishing cabin was erected in the centre of the island in 1729 and was still used by fishermen who stayed the night in 1970. The Slavic tribe Veleti-Rethra was said to have their headquarters on the island. The Archeologist discovered a figurine of Lel and Polel in 1969. It is a cult dedicated to the Slavic mythology's twin deities. In 1977, a German archaeologist named Hartmut Boeck uncovered a 40m x 14m rectangular area in the Northeastern Island.
On the north coast of Tollense Lake, you'll find Belvedere.
Adolf Friedrich IV, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, erected a vacation residence on a hill in 1775. It had been demolished up until that point. Grand Duke Marie, on the other hand, erected a Greek temple-style summer palace here in 1823. Wilhelm Buttel drew out the plans for the residence. The architect Heinrich Tessenow transforms Belvedere into a memorial for the Mecklenburg-Strelitz troops who died in the First World War in 1934. The structure was renovated as an open temple in 1995.
The Amthaus Broda is one of Neubrandenburg's oldest structures.
In roughly 1170, the Premonstratensian friars erected a monastery in In. In the years 1230 and 1240, the building took a long period. It is eventually turned into a manorial economy official dwelling Broda. This medieval structure was on the verge of collapsing in the 17th century. Amthouse Broda was renovated as a residential and office structure in the twentieth century. Hochschule Neubrandenburg used it as a hostel for international scientists starting in 2004.
The Alter Friedhof
The Alter Friedhof (alter Friedhof) is a place where you
The Alter Friedhof cemetery is located at Seestrasse, near the Tollense Lake. It is a peaceful and secluded place with graves fronting the Tollense Lake and the open Seeperle playground just in front of it, where families meet together and play with their children. The graves have just been restored and are situated in a large green space surrounded by huge trees that appear to protect the entire region.
The Landscape Story and the Visual Appearance
- Which elements are essential for the landscape character?
A diversified and natural scenery characterizes the Tollense Lake and its environs. On all sides of the sea, beech and oak woodlands form a large protection area. Grasslands and reeds bring variety to the landscape and provide habitat for protected biotopes. The many pieces spread across a hilly area, creating a stunning scene. The lake itself has vast, open vistas, and its crystal-clear water can be seen from the flat shores.
- Has the landscape been painted or otherwise depicted, when and whom? Which elements are essential?
Neubrandenburg has mentioned in a lot of artworks including the Tollense lake area which has considered as an inspiration element for some artists such as Caspar David Friedrich, Paul Flickel and Carl Gotthold Heinrich Arndt especially in the period between the middle of 17th and the early 20th century.
- The Tollense River, which flows from Neubrandenburg's Tollense Lake to Demmin's downstream end, and land usage in the Tollese River watershed from Klempenow to Demmin
- The city fortification of Neubrandenburg is "the most comprehensive example of a medieval city fortification in the brick construction area." The medieval city wall, which stretches for around 2,300 meters and is up to seven meters high, still entirely encloses the ancient city center. Four exceptional late Gothic city gates from the 13th to 15th centuries (Friedländer Tor, Stargarder Tor, Treptower Tor, and Neues Tor), several Wiekhäuser (guard houses), and the Fangelturm are encircled by the practically circular wall ring. Neubrandenburg is known as the "city of four gates" because of the wall and brick gates.
- The Franciscan monastery with St. Johannes monastery church, as well as the main parish church of St. Marien, consecrated in 1298, renovated by Friedrich Wilhelm Buttel after several fires in the 19th century, burned down in World War II, and converted into a concert hall from the 1970s to 2001, is now internationally renowned as a concert church.
Since its closure in the 1990s and subsequent restorations, the four-wheel mill has been home to a number of eating places.
- A 14th-century chapel dedicated to St. George.
Water and People
Accessibility and usability
There is a great deal of accessibility to Tollense Lake. It has a network of pathways and roads that are not frequently interrupted. There are several beaches, playgrounds, a cultural park, and parking lots nearby. In addition to many footbridges, there are also many lookout towers that offer a better view. But there are some restricted areas nearby the lake, because of private houses and gardens. The canals in Neubrandenburg can also be widely accessed and used very effortlessly. The Tollense canal is partly unreachable because of private possessions.
Tollense Lake focuses on water as the key element for bringing together all social groups. There is an attractive pole within the water area, where visual and physical connections are made, such as the bridge, where youth gather to talk, laugh, drink, and party. The culture park is also a place where families and friends walk and walk, some with pets while others feed pigeons and ducks; each space is utilized in an imaginative way, bringing nature and fluidity together. This is what makes the water area a huge attraction to the people of Neubrandenburg, and also to visitors. International students also use the lake to get to know one another. Several public areas come together at the water area to form a more stable connection to nature, water, and the city.
Social groups: Tollense Lake provides a wide range of recreational and water sports activities for people of all ages, including children, teenagers, adults, and senior citizens. Near the lake, certain activities and attractions attract tourists, as well as families and elderly people living nearby. A lakeside environment is ideal for gathering and partying for students from the University of Neubrandenburg and other educational institutions. In the vicinity of the factory located on the southeast side of the lake, one can see a dense population of workers.
Local stakeholder groups: From the northwest to the northeast side of the city closer to the residential areas, there are around seven churches located within the perimeter of the Tollenese lakeside. There are a few community centers in the city, including venues for events and retirement communities. Several retail shops are located in the inner city and on the east side of the city.
External stakeholder groups: · Local authorities, such as government service units and political party offices, are located throughout the city. A number of other care services such as foster care, nursing homes, medical clinics, home health care, and elderly care are also available in the city.
- Based on UN sustainable developments goals of Keeping the water clean, it’s predicted that by 2030 the water quality to be improved by reducing pollution, minimising the release of hazardous chemicals in the water and increase the safe reuse of the water. In the case of Tollensesee, there is some proposals to improve the water area. One of them is by reducing the amount of the interactive activities that occur in the water which can cause a lot of damage to the water area. Hence. Spreading awareness among the people would be the very first step into getting a healthy water environment. Using alternative transportation or parallel routes that can’t harm the water area or the creatures in or by the water would be a great sustainable for both the water area and the nature since it reduces the hazardous emissions which reflect positively on the environment and it would be a encouraging step for people to deal and use alternative behaviour towards the water.
Although this way is considered as one of the important roads that connect the city with the water area, but it’s not well used to serve both the pedestrians and bike riders. That’s why we developed this road into a new one through creating a proper road that fits all the pedestrians and bike riders from both directions.
Although this way is considered one of the important roads that connect the city with the water area, it’s not well used to serve both the pedestrians and bike riders. That’s why we developed this road into a new one by creating a proper road that fits all the pedestrians and bike riders from both directions
The river Tollense has a magnificent region directly across from the community that few people visit. So the concept is to move from one side to the other, which is how the Movable Restaurants were born. The goal is to enjoy the lakeside while eating a meal, and people may take in the scenery. At the same time, they may optimize their time quality. This restaurant is situated between lakes, allowing the scenery of the lake to change at every moment. When people will engage with this type of activity, they will literally engage more with the water body
On this positive Social scenario in the Kulturpark of the Tollensesee can focusing into the goal of social participation. For example, Some open fields may be seen between the trees in the 'Kulturpark' opposite the lake. As a result, our plan is to enforce certain activities in order to create some meeting areas. People may enjoy the park view from the top as well as the senario of this lake while 'Riding in the Rope' from one location to another in a matter of minutes by participating in this sort of activity. Rope riding may be a fun way to engage in cultural activities and social gatherings. People of all ages, especially those in the younger age groups, may benefit from this activity and come to enjoy a visit to this lake. This form of activity allows us to attract more.
This ecological scenario is located near some bank of Tollense Lake. The Water quality can be harmed by numerous inorganic and organic contaminants on a daily basis. The approach of phytoremediation utilizing aquatic plants is the most desirable of the numerous solutions discovered thus far. Because of contaminating elements, aquatic habitats are under a lot of stress and depletion. Aqua plants are cost- effective and environmentally beneficial method of water. We may utilize the lakeside area or a specific location in Tollensee Lake to naturally clean the waterbody by employing floating aquatic plants such as Spirodela polyrhiza and Eichhornia crassipes to purify water bodies and maintain the water purification system.
Collaborative Goal Setting
- We are mainly pointing to two goals, ecological and social goals.
- The environmental or ecological goals are mainly associated with proposals more related to sustainability. And the social goals are the activities and designs that make people come together. The ecological goals combine multiple strategies: water purification, energy efficiency, and gardening. The water purification will be executed by providing various aquatic plants in the different areas of the lake that are mainly affected by pollution and proper care of the lake near the city. The idea of energy efficiency will be done with solar-powered street lights and water treatment. And gardening is the common name that is given to the flower gardens that are provided in the different parts of the lake that are unused.
- The social goals are more focused on our side to make the people more connected with the lake. Likely to ecological goals, socials are also divided into three, access, activities, and gathering spaces. The access to the lake from the city center is not that clear. From a tourist’s point of view, they don’t know where is this lake actually located. So providing better pedestrian pathways and bicycle paths from the city center make better transportation to the lake. By providing more signboards and signals, it will be clear to the newly coming tourists. Activities are the second on the list, we are trying the best and suitable activities that suites to the context of the lake. The space needs an iconic design proposal to attract people from other cities. So an elevated walkway that ends at a height of 40m will fill this gap. The walkway will be connected with stairs and elevators at various points of its path. Standing at a height of 40m and enjoying the scenic views will be a good adventure for all age groups peoples. The floating restaurant is another one that comes on this list. It makes people enjoy all around the lake not only the area related to the city center but also the other banks of the lake.
Spatial Strategy and Transect
The main goal of recommendations is to concentrate on two key areas: ecological and social acceptances, with tactics like the usage of gardens and water purification. The social concepts are emphasizing the construction of cultural landmarks, gathering places with topographic changes, and elevated walkways.
Concept leeds to spatial strategy.jpg Concept Leeds to spatial strategy
Proposals.jpg strategies - according to social and ecological goals
Transect - detailing.jpg transect - detailing
Intervention.jpg interventions - goals sketches
P1.jpg strategy details showing visions
From Theory of Change to Implementation
The mayor must inevitably define the purpose of this green belt in order to accomplish this. To create this concept, assistance from landscape architects, engineers, and soil specialists is crucial. The academic community may conduct studies on the current ecology.
Neubrandenburg's city core, is currently enclosed by walls. A green space that now surrounds the city center on the outside walls is around fifty meters wide. This green space somewhat steep slope makes it the ideal location .The existence of bio-swales will increase the amount of water in the city center when it rains since the water will fill this region. In terms of ecology, it will improve the ecosystems that already exist, clean contaminated rainwater, or serve as district cooling during the heat.
The three ways to enhance and sustain social value in the public area close to the Tollense River and Tollense Lake are explained by the social purpose in the previous model. In Kulturpark, Tollense Lake, one of them offers a range of activities. Teenagers, older folks, and families frequently visit the parks in real life.
The social goal in a model before, explains the three strategies to improve and maintain social value in public space near Tollense river and Tollense lake. One of them is providing a variety of activities in Kulturpark, Tollense Lake. In actual conditions, there are teenagers, senior citizens, the family who visit the parks regularly.In order to achieve this, the mayor necessarily establishes the function of this green belt. The help of landscape architects, engineers, soil consultants is also important to prepare this concept. The academic community may do researches regarding the existing ecosystem.
- Hofferbert, S., Cahalane, M., & Finnegan, P. (2015). Gamification as an Architecture of Participation: An Investigation of an Innovation Maker community. Sidney: AIS Electronic Librar
- Landscape Institute (2013). Green Infrastructure: Connected and Multifunctional Landscapes. Position statement
- Generally speaking, as a group project, we all gained a lot of experience working on this project made a lot of meetings and group discussions this led everyone to contribute with different thoughts and ideas. Also the wave seminars taught us a lot of the waterscape in Europe from different perspectives not only from the architectural perspective which enhances and wide our experiences. Not to mention that we learned a lot about the city and its rich history.